Efavir 200mg is an antiviral medicine that prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cells from multiplying in your body. It belongs to a class of antiretroviral medications called non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). It inhibits the replication of HIV, thereby reducing the amount of the virus in the blood.
EFAVIR MEDICINE USES :
Cipla Efavirenz is used to treat HIV, the virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.
EFAVIRENZ COMMON SIDE EFFECTS :nausea, vomiting; dizziness, drowsiness, trouble concentrating;
mild skin rash; headache, tired feeling; sleep problems (insomnia), strange dreams; or
changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist).
Call your doctor at once if you have:
signs of a new infection--fever, night sweats, swollen glands, mouth sores, diarrhea, stomach pain, weight loss;
chest pain (especially when you breathe), dry cough, wheezing, feeling short of breath;
cold sores, sores on your genital or anal area;
rapid heart rate, feeling anxious or irritable, weakness or prickly feeling, problems with balance or eye movement;
trouble speaking or swallowing, severe lower back pain, loss of bladder or bowel control; or
swelling in your neck or throat (enlarged thyroid), menstrual changes, impotence, loss of interest in sex.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
SAFETY INFORMATION (Precautions) for EFAVIR EFAVIRENZ CAPSULES :
Efavir may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or trouble concentrating. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use it with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
Keep a list of all the medicines that you take. Make a new list each time medicines are added or stopped. Find out about medicines that should not be taken while you are using Efavir. Be sure that each of your health care providers knows all the medicines that you are taking.
A very bad skin reaction (Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis) may happen. It can cause very bad health problems that may not go away and sometimes death. Get medical help right away if you have signs like red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin (with or without fever); red or irritated eyes; or sores in your mouth, throat, nose, or eyes.
Efavirenz is not a cure for HIV infection. Patients may still get illnesses and infections associated with HIV. Remain under the care of your doctor.
PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Efavirenz may cause harm to the fetus. Do not become pregnant while you are taking it or for 12 weeks after you stop taking it. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. Mothers infected with HIV should not breast-feed. There is a risk of passing the HIV infection or efavirenz to the baby.
This is not a complete list. Ask your health care provider for more information.
MEDICATION STORAGE REQUIREMENTS :
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursion permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F).
DRUG INTERACTIONS :
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Efavirenz. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
Medicines that may harm the liver (eg, acetaminophen, isoniazid, ketoconazole, certain medicines for HIV infection, methotrexate) because the risk of liver side effects may be increased. Ask your doctor if you are unsure if any of your medicines might harm the liver.
This document does not contain all possible interactions. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.